What is a concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury and disturbance of brain function caused by head contact. This contact can occur from a fall, a motor vehicle accident, or from participation in sports including soccer, hockey, and football.

How is a concussion diagnosed?

Concussion is diagnosed by examination and evaluation of brain function. The most common symptom is a headache. Rigid criteria have been abandoned in favor of an individualized approach.

How is a concussion treated?

Cognitive and physical rest are the hallmarks of treatment. Individuals with concussion are typically witheld from sports a minimum of 7 days, or longer if symptoms persist. Many students also need rest from schoolwork, video games, and other mentally stressful tasks. Graduated return to play is sometimes necessary.